Privacy Ninja

How do ransomware attacks happen?: Here are 7 ways to protect you from it

How do ransomware attacks happen
How do ransomware attacks happen? Here are 7 ways to prevent them from infecting your computer

How do ransomware attacks happen?

Recently, with stricter regulations imposed, awareness campaigns done, and employee training undergone, there has been a decline in ransomware attacks to deal with. However, one must not be lenient as ransomware is still a serious threat. How ransomware happens is no longer a mystery, and there are ways to protect you from it. But before that, let’s first define what ransomware is.

Ransomware, defined

Ransomware is a variation of malware (malicious software) that encrypts files and documents. It can infect a single unit of a computer or even an entire network, including a company’s servers. From the word itself, the perpetrator demands a ransom from the victim in exchange for a “decryption key” to regain access.

In a successful ransomware attack, the cybercriminals typically provide instructions for communication and the amount to be paid to get the decryption key. Depending on the organization, the cost ranges from thousands of dollars to millions, all paid in Bitcoin.

Also Read: The DNC Singapore: Looking At 2 Sides Better

How do ransomware attacks happen?

There are a lot of possible entries for ransomware to infiltrate one’s computer, and one of the most common delivery systems is phishing scam. In phishing scams, cybercriminals mimic the genuine email addresses and contents of a legitimate businesses, and they will send it to unsuspecting victims with an attachment.

Once the users click the link or open the attachment, the malware attached to that link or attachment will now take over the victim’s computer, especially when the attachment has built-in social engineering tools that trick users into allowing them administrative access.

In a more aggressive form of ransomware like NotPetya, it does not need to trick users to infect the user’s computer. What it does is exploit security loopholes to infect the user’s machine.

There are several things malware might do to a computer, but the most common one is data encryption. In another form, the cybercriminals claim that they are from a law enforcement agency and are demanding a fine for pornography in the computer, or else the computer will be shut down remotely.
Furthermore, another form would be through leakware or doxware, where there will be no encryption of files or shutting down of computers. What happens is the hackers will scout through your files and search for sensitive information or data against you. When they find something, they will threaten you to pay a fine, or else these cybercriminals will disclose everything they have discovered.

How do ransomware attacks happen

How can you be susceptible to a ransomware attack?

Usually, ransomware occurs when businesses fail to follow common cyber security frameworks that are put to safeguard them from unwanted attacks, such as:

Cybercriminals use a variety of attack vectors or approaches in accessing your network by finding and exploiting vulnerabilities from it. Effectively preventing ransomware is to understand these attack vectors and learn from them in combating future attacks. Aside from that, the organization must be proactive in their cyber security posture and adopt these 7 ways to protect them from ransomware attacks:

7 ways to protect businesses from ransomware attacks

There are a lot of defensive steps against ransomware an organization can adopt, and the following are some of the practices that these businesses should be practicing regularly:

  1. Maintain backups – thoughtfully
    It is recommended to back up your data as this is the most effective way to recover it from a ransomware infection. One should consider putting your backup files in an appropriately protected and stored offline or out-of-band so that it is out of reach to hackers. One could also use cloud services as it retains previous versions of your files, accessible for you to roll it back.
  2. Develop plans and policies
    It is always helpful for you to create a response plan for your IT security to use so that they will know what to do when a ransomware event occurs.
  3. Review port settings
    A lot of hackers can take advantage of your Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) port 3389 and Server Message Block (SMB) port 445. Always consider limiting connections to only trusted hosts and consider whether your organization needs to leave these ports open. Always be mindful to review these settings for both on-premises and cloud environments and work with your cloud service provider to disable unused RDP ports.
  4. Harden your endpoints
    Always ensure to configure your systems with security in mind. These secure configuration settings can help provide protection from any threat and close gaps concerning security leftover from default configurations.
  5. Keep systems up-to-date
    Make sure to keep your devices and machines up to date with all the security updates released from time to time.
  6. Train the team
    Train your team on how to respond when ransomware attacks. It is the key to stopping ransomware in its tracks.
  7. Implement an Intrusion Detection System (IDS)
    Implementing an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) helps organizations look for malicious activity by comparing network traffic logs to signatures that detect known malicious activity. If there are malicious activities found, IDS will quickly inform you of its presence.

Also Read: 3 Reasons Why You Must Take A PDPA Singapore Course

Outsourced DPO – It is mandatory to appoint a Data Protection Officer. Engage us today.

PDPA Training (SkillsFuture Eligible) – Empower data protection knowledge for your employees.

Vulnerability Assessment Penetration Testing – Find loopholes in your websites, mobile apps or systems.

Privacy Ninja provides GUARANTEED quality and results for the following CORE SERVICES:

DPO-As-A-Service (Outsourced DPO Subscription)
Vulnerability Assessment & Penetration Testing (VAPT)
PDPA Obligations for Organizational Compliance (SkillsFuture Credit Eligible)

OTHER SERVICES:

PDPA Compliance Audit
Dig
ital Transformation Consultancy
Data Protection Trustmarks Certification Readiness Consultancy

PDPA Data Protection Software
Smart Contract Audit

LIKE & SUBSCRIBE:
Facebook
LinkedIn
Twitter
YouTube
Podcast

0 Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

KEEP IN TOUCH

Subscribe to our mailing list to get free tips on Data Protection and Data Privacy updates weekly!

Personal Data Protection

REPORTING DATA BREACH TO PDPC?

We have assisted numerous companies to prepare proper and accurate reports to PDPC to minimise financial penalties.
×

Powered by WhatsApp Chat

× How can we help you?